Why is Bitcoin so volatile?
What is Bitcoin?
Bitcoin is a virtual currency that was created in 2009. The virtual currency exists on a public transparent ledger that is accessible to everyone. Bitcoin is not monitored or backed by governments, which has sparked criticism globally.
Last week we took a look at how you can start trading Bitcoin. In this article, we go further into why Bitcoin is such a volatile cryptocurrency and how to take advantage of market volatility.
The different ways you can start trading Bitcoin
Instead of owning a Bitcoin wallet or cryptocurrency, traders are more interested in speculating on the price of Bitcoin on the financial markets, as it means that that they don’t have to own the underlying physical asset.
Trading CFDs involved placing a small initial deposit while still allowing you to gain exposure on much larger positions. Even though this can magnify any profit you make it can also magnify losses.
Why is Bitcoin so volatile?
There are several factors that contribute to the volatility of Bitcoin on the financial markets.
There have been major news events around this particular cryptocurrency which in effect scare investors and traders and ultimately have led to major rallies.
One example is the bankruptcy of Mt. Gox in 2014, which was a cryptocurrency exchange based in Tokyo and was responsible for over 70% of Bitcoin transactions. This particular exchange was a prime target for hackers and as a result, the exchange suffered numerous security problems. What led to the bankruptcy was a suspension in withdrawals due to suspicious activity. In February 2014, the exchange stopped withdrawals from digital wallets due to technical bugs. This had a catastrophic result on the cryptocurrency market due to public panic which followed suit and this led to Bitcoin taking a plunge by 20%.
Value of Bitcoin
There is a fixed supply of Bitcoin at 21 million therefore this will store more value compared to a fiat currency. Furthermore, investors that currently have holdings of large amounts in Bitcoin may struggle to liquidate their assets without moving the market.
Compared to fiat currencies Bitcoin has is more vulnerable to security risks. There have been headlines where various cryptocurrencies have been hacked which ultimately leads to investor fear and can move the market by a considerable amount. The threats are exposed by the Bitcoin community in a bid to produce open source responses as a way of a security fix. Open software allows for the public to examine the source code and then any concerns are raised, therefore, this has encouraged public debates around security issues in Bitcoin.
Key Price Movements Explained
Bitcoin started trading at the start of 2013 at around $13.50 per bitcoin. The price started to rally at this stage. In November 2013 the price shot to $1075. The rise in price was down to new miners and exchanges emerging from China and entering the market. However, within the space of a month, prices became volatile due to speculation around the lack of security that came with this particular cryptocurrency. By the end of December, its price had dropped by around 29% in just a matter of days.
Price breakthrough in October 2017 reaching around $5,000 and in November price doubled to $10,000. In December 2017, the price reached around $20,000 for one bitcoin. However, within a few weeks, the price came crashing down and fell below $7,000 by the end of April 2018.
Although at the start of the pandemic year bitcoin was disparaged by big-time investors, on 16 December 2020 it broke the $20,000 mark, effectively quadrupling in value and reaching an all-time high.
With the coming of 2021, on January 7-8, prices hit and closed above $40 000. Later, on February 8, the price retook its $40 000 uptrend, getting back on track to reach the market cap of $1 trillion. Just several days later, on February 17, the price broke $50,000, and it continued to rise thereafter.
Two months later, on April 13, the price closed above $60,000. As Elon Musk decided to suspend bitcoin as a payment method due to environmental concerns, it came biting back, and on May 13, the price closed below $50,000. Not a week later, on May 19, uncertainty around China regulations and an issued ban on bitcoin alongside most other top cryptocurrencies caused the price to plunge to $29,567.
Have a read of what moves Bitcoin prices and how to start trading Bitcoin here.
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Trade Cryptocurrency with Eightcap
Open an MT5 trading account and go long or short on Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, and Ripple. When you open a position with Eightcap you won’t need a cryptocurrency wallet to take advantage of market volatility. Find your feet with our two account offerings and start exploring the financial markets today.
Trading on margin is high risk.